Session 1 was an exercise in getting data geeks talking to data users - hypothetically, at least. The room broke into 5 or so groups, each looking at the problems that members of the public might face around certain topical issues, such as road chaos, sporting events, or sexual health. To get us thinking, we first asked what kind of information would the public want/need for each of these. In the second half, the data geeks migrated to a different group to see how data could help with answering this.
I'm not sure I came to any particular answers about either road chaos or sporting events, but did find it a useful way of breaking down the issue. Without realising it, I'd probably stumbled into the first recurring theme of my day - usability of data. Some notes of interest:
- Data may exist in a central database, but that doesn't mean everyone will be accessing it for the same reason and/or/therefore by the same means. Different groups of people have different networks - football supporters might check their club site for news, for example. Local residents might check a council site, or a paper newsletter, or even just handy signs put up on the side of the road for future travel "alerts". A good reminder why data shouldn't be tied to a particular "portal".
- It's far too easy to focus on using the latest devices to make getting data out easy. But that doesn't mean it reaches people we want it to reach. (One reason I'm so excited about Newspaper Club.)
- We draw data from many, many different places to form a decision or an opinion, e.g. form local authorities, central figures, news, private sources, etc. Linked data is probably hugely important in joining all this up, but it's also a process that we, as humans, do naturally and constantly. I think there's a big question about how we tie these two worlds together. Too big for this post though.
I started by taking people through what we'd done with data4nr.net in terms of UI, XML and tying it into external services like data.gov.uk. Most excellently, Richard Stirling was on hand to fill in about the latter, which probably helped to raise the issue of how we actually tie all this data together. Notes on all this below:
- One thing that came out of the talk around data.gov.uk is where duplicates appear (as everyone is cataloguing data, with a fair bit of overlap), but without any real way of knowing so. Unique IDs are like, really, really important, but even the definition of one is subject to interpretation problems. Simon Field noted that some users, for example, want to treat amended data as a "new" dataset, while others don't. "Unique" is subjective, perhaps. I get the impression this is going to take a while to bash out.
- Andrew Walkingshaw of Timetric (also one of the sponsors) noted two extremes of presenting data to people - "either lie to them, or freak them out". I think the extent to which either of these is necessary depends on who you're making the data public to - or, who is your audience? Different people have different training, and therefore different expectations about what the data represents. How do we manage this, or integrate it with our processes and applications?
- Maybe not everyone needs to understand data - just those in the argument? e.g. if a journalist uses some data to come to a slightly
suspectheadline-grabbing conclusion, are there people who can re-run the data and verify that? Coming out of that, do we have forums where such verifications and/or dispute can be raised legitimately?
- And to return to the idea of defining metadata, there is still a question about whether definitions should be "standardised" (i.e. everyone shares the same vocabulary), or if we accept that everyone has their own "language" and the challenge is to map between these somehow. If the former, is it practical to define one in advance, or just let people make their own, in a more organic nature?
I think there was lunch at this point.Session 3 was on Using Wordpress in Government, run by Simon Dickson of Puffbox. I've been doing a fair bit of integrating PHP sites with Wordpress this year, so was interested in hearing about what other people had done with it, and how. A lot of the session seemed to be extolling the power of Wordpress rather than focus on the grittier details of rolling it into a project, process or workplace, but it was interesting to hear where it's being used, and a great chance to finally meet Steph Gray in person.
- Good to note that about half of all (central?) government departments are "dipping their toes" into Wordpress, although perhaps under the second theme of the day - covert innovation which I'll pick up at the end.
- Good point from Simon - that for all the talk about re-using software, making sites, etc, "Wordpress has done it - we are doing it." Good tools make exploration easy, and make it easier to experiment with little nuggets of progress without too much risk/cost/project management. We have good tools already that mostly just need tweaking, why not use them?
- Wordpress is great for swapping content between sites, as everything is available as RSS feeds. I suspect this ties into my session on finding and filtering data more than I realise.
Finally, session 5 saw Steph Gray (slide here), Anthony Zacharzewski (links to slides) and Paul Clarke talking about persuading politicians and bureaucrats of the value of digital engagement. A great talk all round, with some inspiring, and almost crafty, thoughts being put forward about how to make websites and influence people:
- Talk about activities, not tools. Talk about how what you want to do results in outcomes. Decision makers like to see a direct link between what you propose and what gets saved.
- Use narratives, storytelling. But be careful about who you include in your stories - different viewpoints and people are perceived in different ways. Sometimes people love the idea of appealing to the "main in the street". Other times the same man is seen as, say, unreliable or anecdotal.
- Terms and words are political, as I've noted before. Use terms, especially "buzzwords" carefully, as they may "belong" to particular groups. Technical speak suffers from the same problem, I'd say. WTF do AJAX, Web2.0 and WTF mean anyway?
ThemesThe two recurring threads I really picked up on during the day were:
- Usability of Data - How can we make data as a whole easier for everyone to find? How do we know what data is out there, what it means, and what it can/can't be used for? How can we access it other than clever websites?
- Covert Innovation - A lot of the exciting stuff in government is being done "under the radar". This, in itself, is not necessarily a problem, but there were a couple of tales around the idea that successful efforts would be prevented if they were made more public - for various reasons. I think currently there are a lot of conversations going on, but within almost hushed tones - tones which can only get loud once this success has reached critical mass and gone "mainstream" to the point where it can't be covered up any more. The tales of Gordon Brown giving Tim Berners-Lee free reign were great, but really not enough. Hiring a hugely respected scientist is quite different to trusting your own staff.
Failure is an option, even necessary, but a lot of the time organisations believe that it isn't - perhaps because they're used to thinking in terms of large scale projects (= large scale failure)? Contrariwise, a lot of the efforts seen at GovCamp were small scale innovation which can and even should fail quickly and easily (e.g. "does this Wordpress plugin do what we want?" Click. Install. "No." Learn. Move on.) The move towards opening up data is all about risk management. Bang the rocks together.
OK, this post was a little longer than I thought it was, and now my stomach is rumbling. Cheers to all for a great day, and look forward to seeing the thoughts that take place in its aftermath. Keep the momentum.
Further linksDave Briggs' write up
Sarah Lay's write up
Paul Clarke's (excellent) photo set
My own photos
Everyone's tagged photos on Flickr
Kevin Campbell-Wright's write up
Neil William's write up
David Wilcox's array of videos